Countries are based on the ISO Standard
Regions are based on the DAC Standard
There is no mapping on the IATI Standard website between countries and regions (to know which countries are in which regions).
The mapping that exists within the DAC only covers countries that are on the list of ODA Eligible Recipients.
The DAC Regions does not cover every region of the world
The DAC Regions list is not sufficiently disaggregated in certain circumstances to be meaningful
This is problematic for:
- organisations that allocate their aid regionally, but don’t internally use the language of official DAC regions. They need to know what is meant by a particular DAC region (what geographic area - which countries - it covers).
- organisations that allocate their aid to (common) regional areas that are smaller than the DAC region (e.g. Eastern Europe)
- organisations that allocate their aid to areas which are not covered by the official DAC regions list (e.g. Antarctica)
- organisations that allocate their aid to countries which are not on the list of ODA recipients (e.g. United States)
DAC Regions need to be used because they are used in many donor systems.
However, UN M.49 Region categorisation is much clearer, for every country, and more disaggregated. There are problems in mapping DAC region codes against M.49 codes (e.g. Turkey = Europe according to the DAC and Western Asia according to UN M.49)
There needs to be a list of all ISO countries mapped to DAC Regions, which is easily accessible on the IATI Standard website.
There should probably also be a way to provide a more accurate supranational region, between a country and a continent-wide region. UN M.49 provides a useful way to do this.
Complete DAC Regions list, and provide mapping between countries and regions (already done by BH and MB)
Make sure there is a recipient-region for every country, and a recipient region for everywhere (or include Antarctica in Oceania?)
Make this list publicly available
Add “vocab” attribute to the <recipient-region> tag
Add UN M.49 codelist to the recipient-region vocab.
Proposal by Mark Brough